CELPIP Assessment Test
National parks have existed in Canada for well over a century. The Canadian National Park system is aimed at preserving and representing natural areas of all the 13 provinces and territories in the country. This system comprises over 40 national parks that protect ecological integrity, and allow the public to explore, learn about, and enjoy Canada's natural spaces. Among Canadian national parks, Kluane National Park and Reserve stands out, being declared a United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage Site in 1979 for its magnificent glacier and icefield landscapes and wildlife, which include grizzly bears, caribou, moose, wolves, and Dall sheep.
B. Kluane National Park and Reserve is situated in the southwestern Yukon territory, and is over 22,000 Km2. It includes the St. Elias Mountains where the highest peak in Canada, Mount Logan, is located. The park is also the site of one of Canada’s oldest climate research bases. Founded in 1961, The Arctic Institute’s Kluane Lake Research Station has been a major hub for researchers from scientific organizations of diverse disciplines from all over the country and the world. On any day, research groups may be conducting studies in a number of fields including geology, biology, botany, and anthropology.
C. Archaeological evidence suggests humans may have lived in the area following the last Ice Age, over 10,000 years ago. Evidence also suggests that the Tutchone aboriginal people have lived in the area for hundreds of years. The Tutchone settled in the area after long migration periods through the Kluane Lake area, where they would hunt, fish, and gather food. In the early 1890s, explorers, prospectors, climbers, and hunters also settled around Kluane. In the 1940s, the completion of the Alaska Highway made the area accessible. Soon after, in 1942, the area was declared a wildlife reserve, cutting off natural resources to the people who depended on it.
D. In 1972 the Canadian Government designated the area as a national park and reserve, which meant aboriginal peoples regained access to natural resources. Federal and provincial governments joined forces to reach a series of agreements with the Champagne and Aishihik First Nations, and Kluane First Nation. Nowadays, status aboriginals from these nations are entitled to harvest resources within Kluane National Park. Government branches and aboriginal peoples have also found ways to boost economic activity in the area, investing in sustainable forestry to promote economic stability for on-reserve aboriginals.
E. Not given in any of the above paragraphs.